BIOGRAPHY OF LUCE TURNIER (HAITIAN, 1924-1995)
Luce Turnier was born on February 24, 1924 and died in Paris in 1995. In 1937 her family came to Port-au-Prince after the hurricane which ravaged the south of Haiti. She joined the Art Center in 1945 and exhibited for the first time in 1946, with Maurice Borno. She was granted several scholarships (Rockefeller Foundation, N.Y., 1967; French government, 1951; Haitian government, 1952). In 1953 her work was exhibited in Boon. Bremen and Hamburg. In 1954 she married the Italian painterEugenio Carpi de Resmini, with whom she has two children. Her second husband, the French painter Christian Lemesle, whom she married in 1965; has had a strong influence on her worth and technical development. After several exhibitions, she became interested in collage in 1967. Since her return to Haiti in 1972 she has become increasingly famous within the country and overseas. In 1978 she exhibited at the French Institute of Haiti and participated in various exhibits of women painters. (Biographical source: Marie-José Nadal & Gérald Bloncourt, 1986, La Peinture Haitienne/ Haitian Arts, Editions Nathan, Paris)
“Turnier’s portraits reflect the Haitian’s soul whilst her studies are a hymn to tropical nature” states art critic and author Gérald Alexis in his book Peintres Haitiens.
Bibliographies & References:
- Alexis, Gérald, Peintres Haitiens, Editions Cercle d’Art, Paris, 2000
- Franciscus, John Allen, Haiti: Voodoo Kingdom to Modern Riviera. San Juan, PR: Franciscus Family Foundation, 1980.
- Nadal, Marie-José & Bloncourt, Gérald, La Peinture Haitienne/ Haitian Arts, Editions Nathan, Paris, 1986
- Pataki, Eva, Haitian Painting: Art and Kitsch.Chicago: Adams Press, 1985.
- Rodman, Selden,Where Art is Joy: Haitian Art: The First 40 Years, Ruggles de Latour, Inc., New York, 1988
- Collection Musée d’Art Haitien du College Saint-Pierre, Peintures Haitiennes, Editions Delroisse, VILO, 1978